Short-term outcomes after emergency surgery for complicated peptic ulcer disease from the UK National Emergency Laparotomy Audit: a cohort study — MFT Local Authors

Short-term outcomes after emergency surgery for complicated peptic ulcer disease from the UK National Emergency Laparotomy Audit: a cohort study — MFT Local Authors

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BMJ Open. 2018 Aug 20;8(8):e023721. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023721. Byrne BE, Bassett M, Rogers CA, Anderson ID, et al https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30127054 via Short-term outcomes after emergency surgery for complicated peptic ulcer disease from the UK National Emergency Laparotomy Audit: a cohort study — MFT Local Authors Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in Read More

Peptic Ulcer Disease; Causes,Treatment $ Complications

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Definition WHAT IS PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE? Peptic ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower esophagus, or small intestine. Or first few centimeters of the duodenum (duodenum ulcer). It usually penetrates through the muscularis mucosae. From a histological perspective, an ulcer is a loss of the surface Read More

What you need to know about fungal skin infections

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Fungi are parasites or saprophytes i.e. they live off living or dead organic matter. In humans, fungal infections occur when an invading fungus takes over an area of the body and especially when the immune system is weak/suppressed. Fungi can live in the air, soil, water, and plants. There are Read More

WOMEN TRAVELLERS-HEALTHY TRAVELLING

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Travelling in africa and in world in general isn’t particularly hazardous to your health but women’s health issues are relevant wherever you go. And can be a bit more tricky to cope with when you are on the road. Practicalities It’s a good idea to take with you all the Read More

Clotrimazole Cream With Applicator

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bunch of white oval medication tablets and white medication capsules

This medication is used to treat vaginal yeast infections. Clotrimazole reduces vaginal burning, itching, and discharge that may occur with this condition. This medication is an azole antifungal. It works by stopping the growth of yeast (fungus) that causes the infection. The vaginal product comes in 2 forms (a vaginal Read More

Hypothyroidism, causes signs $ symptoms.

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Hypothyroidism is defined as deficiency in thyroid hormone production. It can be either primary or secondary. It usually characterised by; Accumulation of  polysaccharides and proteins in the skin. The body retains water giving it puffy like appearance-myxedema. Low metabolism and the person is lethargic, with bradycardia and cold intolerance. In Read More

Yeast Infection and sex; What you need to know.

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Is yeast infection sexually transmitted? Yeast infections are not considered sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This is because most yeast infections are not transmitted person to person and they can occur in people who have never had sex. Most of the time yeast infections develops because of factors that cause imbalance Read More

Appendicitis; causes, symptoms & treatment

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Appendicitis is inflammation of the vermiform appendix .It may be acute or chronic. It’s most common acute surgical condition of abdomen What is relevant anatomy The vermiform appendix is a vestigial narrow blinded tube usually about 3-4″ (7.6-10cm) long that extends from the caecum in the RIF at the termination Read More

Stroke/Cardiovascular Accident

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haemorrhagic stroke diagram

Definition of stroke/cardiovascular accident Acute neurologic injury that occurs as a result of ischemic infarction or bleeding into part of the brain manifested by rapid onset of focal CNS signs and symptoms with or without a focal higher cerebral dysfunction (e.g. aphasia, hemisensory loss, visual defect) lasting >24 hours. Epidemiology Read More

INFECTIONS FROM BITES, SCRATCHES/ BURNS

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The skin is an essential component of the nonspecific immune system, protecting the host from potential pathogens in the environment. Breaches in this protective barrier thus represent a form of immunocompromise that predisposes the patient to infection. Bites and scratches from animals and humans allow the inoculation of microorganisms past Read More

What is Gum Disease (Gingivitis)?

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Gum disease, or gingivitis is inflammation of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth and is most commonly a result of poor dental hygiene . Gingivitis is a very common condition and varies widely in severity. It is characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed easily when teeth are brushed or flossed. Gingivitis is Read More

What Causes Bad Breath(halitosis)?

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Bad breath (halitosis) facts Bad breath, or halitosis, is characterized by an unpleasant odor of the mouth. Causes of bad breath include food, tobacco products, poor dental hygiene, health problems, dry mouth, oral infections, dental problems, or medications. Symptoms of bad breath include unpleasant odor or taste in the mouth,dry mouth , or Read More

Bacterial Vaginosis causes and treatment

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Bacterial vaginosis is a polymicrobial clinical syndrome .It result from replacement of the normal hydrogen peroxide producing Lactobacillus sp. in the vagina with high concentrations of anaerobic bacteria. Some women experience transient vaginal microbial changes, whereas others experience them for longer intervals of time.Among women presenting for care, bacterial vaginosis  Read More

Travelling With Colds? Here’s What You Should Know

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  Colds  and coughs can be troublesome when you’re travelling and can sometimes lead to worse problems. So make sure you recognize the symptoms early and don’t let complications get a hold. It’s not just the culture that’s different and exciting, the viruses are too. The common cold is common Read More

Typhoid fever causes, transmission and treatment

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Typhoid fever/enteric fever ;lets today discuss about . One question that one may ask is, what is typhoid fever and how is transmitted. This is acute febrile infection/disease caused by Salmonella Typhi bacterium. This disease is transmitted through fecal oral route that is by eating or drinking water/milk that is Read More

prescription writing-basic guide

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Prescription should be properly written and before we go over bout it. It is worth briefly discussing two common sources of prescription errors we as clinicians we make. First, if you are handwriting your prescription, make sure that it is legible. Illegible prescriptions are a source of frustration for patients, Read More

Keloid Scar,Causes and Treatment

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Keloid is abnormally large overgrowth of fibrous tissues (scar) occuring as a results of trauma or irritation that does not subside with time. In terms if genetics it is 5-15 times more common in blacks and Asian than in caucasians. In all races, more darkly pigmented individuals are at high Read More

Focused Ante-Natal Care and Delivery

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What is Focused Ante-natal Care? Ante-Natal period: Is  the time beginning from conception and extending to delivery period. Ante-Natal Care:Those are services offered to a pregnant woman throughout the pregnancy by a skilled attendant. The importance of Focused Ante-Natal Care to expectant mothers; It help in early detection and treatment of problems Read More

Doctor’s Physical Examination Checklist

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This article outlines common clinical methods used by clinician/doctor during patient physical examination through; A step-by-step approach stethoscope used in examination General Examination Position of the patient – gives valuable information e.g. severely ill patients slip down the bed, patients with heart failure sit up in bed and patients with Read More

When to take aspirin for medical emergency

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Check out @ClevelandClinic’s Tweet: https://twitter.com/ClevelandClinic/status/1044454448951644160?s=09 Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on Read More

Bipolar Disorder,signs,diagnosis,treatment

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Image result for bipolar photos What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar Disorder, also known as manic depression, is a mental disorder with periods of depression and periods of elevated mood. During mania, an individual behaves or feels abnormally energetic, happy or irritable. Individuals often make poorly thought out decisions with little Read More

Syphilis In Pregnancy/prevention/treatment

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  Syphilis in pregnancy; is a sexually transmitted infection caused by treponema pallidum bacteria. It can seriously complicate pregnancy and result in spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, non-immune hydrops, intrauterine growth restriction, and perinatal death, as well as serious sequelae in liveborn infected children. In order to avoid that the following measures Read More

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease,Causes,Treatment

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Pelvic inflammatory disease is a polymicrobial infection or inflammatory disorders of the upper female genital tract. It occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria spread from your vagina to your uterus,fallopian tubes  and ovaries. Causative organisms. It is caused multiple bacteria which include; N. gonorrheae(common cause) C.trachmatis(common cause) G. vaginalis, Heamophilus influenza Read More

Congenital Syphilis/prevention/treatment

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It is a severe, disabling, and often life-threatening infection seen in infants. A pregnant mother who has syphilis can spread the disease through the placenta to the unborn infant in utero. causes Traponema pallidum bacerium   Prevention measures Effective prevention and detection of congenital syphilis depends on the identification of syphilis in Read More

How much water do you need to drink in a day?

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crystal clear splashing water Overview This is question that i keep asking my self as clinician.Most of time i come across patients during outpatient visits who look dehydrated as evidenced by their dry lips. The first question usually is; Do you drink enough water or how much do you drink Read More

Facts about anogenital wart/causes and treatment

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This article focuses on anogenital wart(s); causes and treatments. Anogenital wart is viral infection caused by human papiloma virus sub-types 6 or 11. Other associated human papilloma virus are sub-types 16, 18, 31, 33, and 35 are also occasionally found in anogenital warts. Sub-types 16, 18, 31, 33, and 35 Read More

What you should know about eczema/atopic dermatitis

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Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a chronic, relapsing, pruritic (itchy), inflammatory skin condition. Epidemiology Very common condition with a prevalence as high as 15-20% in children and 2-10% in adults.  It accounts for around 30% of all dermatological consultations in GP. Most present in infancy (85% before 1 year and 95% Read More

Seven  Home Remedies to Combat Against Urinary Tract Infection

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Urinary tract infection(UTI) is a major concern amongst women. The chance of getting UTI is very high in women as urethra is shorter. Whats is uti ? Is infections that happen in the urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys. Studies reveal that women are more prone to this infection than men. Read More

What should know about organophosphate poisoning.

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Organophosphate poisoning is poisoning due to organophosphates (OPs).Organophosphate poisoning occurs most commonly as a suicide attempt in farming areas and less commonly by accident. This mostly occurs in developing world. Organophosphates are chemicals in insecticide used extensively in agriculture. When people, such as agricultural workers, are exposed to large quantities of organophosphates, these chemicals can be harmful. Types Read More

Facts About Acne Vulgaris.

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Overview Definition of Acne vulgaris Causes/Aetiology Clinical features Investigation Treatment/management Acne valgaris Is a common chronic skin condition that affects both males and females in adolescence. For some, it can also continue into adulthood and it can affect women during pregnancy or during their menstrual cycle. Acne results in the development of pimples or Read More

15 Cancer Causing Foods You Probably Don’t Know.

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We probably do not think the food we are eating every day might be cancer causing. However  there is a clear connection between food and cancer prevention.As cancer became the plague of our modern age, a lot of research has been done on its prevention. With many reports on food and cancer Read More

Local infection treatment at home.

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  Teach the caregiver how treat local infection at home. Following instruction below will provide better guiding and understanding on how to give oral,topical and eye ointment at home to treat local infection . explain how the treatment is given. watch her as she does the first treatment in the Read More

What to do if a condom break/burst.

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What you can do if you are worried that you or your partner could get an STI or become pregnant: See a health care providerIf you had vaginal, anal or oral sex and condom breaks, one should see  healthcare provider as soon as possible. If your partner has tested positive Read More

Tuberculosis(TB) in children.

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This articles focus on: Difination TB transmission in children, common risk factors when to suspect TB in children Tuberculosis is chronic infection caused by the bacterium mycobacterium tubercolosis (M.tuberculosis). There are  seven other  bacterias closely related to M. tuberculosis such mycobecterial species are ( M. bovis, M. africanum, M. microti, M. carprae ,M. Read More

All about the common cold.

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Overview Symptoms Causes Risk factors Complication Prevention Treatment The common cold is a viral infectious disease that infects the upper respiratory system. It is also known as acute viral rhinopharyngitis and acute coryza.It is the most common infectious disease in humans and is mainly coused by coronaviruses or rhinoviruses.   Read More

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