Who uses nebulizer? It is used in patient with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) and other lung diseases. So doctor may prescribe medicine that patient need to take using a nebulizer machine. What is nebulizer? It is a small machine that turn liquid medicine into mist. Patient normally take medicine while sitted with machine beside him or her and breath in through connected mouthpiece or mask.


  1. Put the compressor on a flat surface where it can safely reach an outlet.
  2. Check to make sure all the pieces are clean.
  3. Wash your hands before prepping the medication.
  4. If your medication is premixed, place it in the container. If you need to mix it, measure the correct amount, and then place it in the container.
  5. Connect the tube to the compressor and the liquid container.
  6. Attach the mouthpiece or mask.
  7. Turn on the switch and check to see that the nebulizer is misting.
  8. Put the mouthpiece in your mouth and close your mouth around it or put the mask securely over your nose and mouth, leaving no gaps.
  9. Slowly breath in and out until the medicine is gone. This may take five to 15 minutes.
  10. Keep the liquid container upright throughout the treatment.

 Examples of medications used in nebulizer includes:

  • Ventolin/salbutamol
  • albuterol
  • ipratropium
  • budesonide
  • formoterol

How do I clean and care for it?

Daily cleaning

  1. Take off the mouthpiece/mask and remove the medicine container. Wash this with hot water and mild liquid dish soap.
  2. Shake off the extra water.
  3. Reconnect the medicine container and mouthpiece/mask to the compressor. Turn on the device to air dry the pieces.


  1. Take off the detachable parts (mouthpiece and medicine container).
  2. Soak them in the solution provided by your doctor or one part white vinegar and three parts hot water.
  3. Let these parts soak for one hour, or as long as listed on the instructions.
  4. Remove the parts and either let them air dry or reconnect the machine to dry them.

Pros of nebulizer

  1. It is  easier to use when you are having an asthma attack, since you don’t need to take deep breaths while using one.
  2. Multiple medications can be delivered at the same time.
  3. A nebulizer may be easier to use with young children.

Cons of nebulizers

  1. Nebulizer is usually not as easy to transport as an inhaler.
  2. They often require a stationary power source.
  3. Delivery of medications takes longer through a nebulizer than through an inhaler.

Doc bob

Am Robert Mathenge, a healthcare provider in Nakuru county. i love this profession as it gives me chance to serve my call, interacting with people from various social backgrounds makes me feel good.

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